The viral STDs in the world are HIV, Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV), Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and Hepatitis B virus. Donovanosis is also one of the STDs caused by the Gram-negative Bacterium Klebsiella Granulomatis which is also known as Calymmatobacterium Granulomatis. 

It is a rare cause of genital ulceration. The disease is commonly found in Papua New Guinea, India, South Africa, and South America.

Is Donovanosis also transmitted sexually?

Absolutely Yes! It usually can be spread by sexual contact and may be spread by skin to skin contact. The disease is most commonly spread through vagina or anal sex. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, the most at risk of getting donovanosis are between the age of 20 and 40.[1]

There are symptoms when you are affected by donovanosis. Normally it is painless at the genital area. The specific area is on the perineum which are the area between genitals and the anus that can cause serious tissue damage, according to researchers infectious disease, John Kaldor, a professor at the Kirby Institute at Australia’s University of New South Wales.The complication of this symptom is extragenital disease which are occurs at the mucous membranes of the mouth and external ear canal. [2]

What will happen if you get these symptoms?

In males, it can cause chronic untreated ulcers, neoplastic transformation probably kills the cell at genital area and there is a high risk of HIV transmission. In females, donovanosis can be vertically transmitted during labor, occur during pregnancy, childbirth or when breastfeeding. 

But donovanosis still can be treated. There are 2 types of antibiotics recommended to cure donovanosis. 

  • Azithromycin 500mg, taken orally once a day in 7 days. For 1g of Azithromycin, take it orally once weekly for 4 weeks until complete resolution of the lesion. Azithromycin is highly effective for curing donovanosis.
  • Another type of antibiotics is Doxycycline 100mg, taken orally twice a day for a minimum 4 weeks until complete resolution of the lesion. 

Other advice to threatening donovanosis

  • No sexual contact for 7 days after treatment
  • No sex with partners from the last 6 months until they’re been reviewed and treated necessary.
  • Contact tracing should be done by back to 6 months, provide patients with factsheets

But, there are a lot of people who agree with “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure” which means prevention is better than cure. The effective way to prevent STDs including donovanosis is use high quality condom during sexual intercouse. As a human, that is the responsibility for protecting yourself from any bad luck.